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儿童发育成长中的一些阶段性标志(中英文)

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发表于 2007-4-19 15:58:54 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式


Does Your Baby...

At 4 Months:

Follow and react to bright colors, movement, and objects?
Turn toward sounds?
Show interest in watching people’s faces?
Smile back when you smile?

At 6 Months:

Relate to you with real joy?
Smile often while playing with you?
Coo or babble when happy?
Cry when unhappy?

At 9 Months:

Smile and laugh while looking at you?
Exchange back-and-forth smiles, loving faces, and other expressions with you?
Exchange back-and-forth sounds with you?
Exchange back-and-forth gestures with you, such as giving, taking, and reaching?

At 12 Months:

Use a few gestures, one after another, to get needs met, like giving, showing, reaching, waving, and pointing?
Play peek-a-boo, patty cake, or other social games?
Make sounds, like “ma,” “ba,” “na,” “da,” and “ga?”
Turn to the person speaking when his/her name is called?

At 15 Months:

Exchange with you many back-and-forth smiles, sounds, and gestures in a row?
Use pointing or other “showing” gestures to draw attention to something of interest?
Use different sounds to get needs met and draw attention to something of interest?
Use and understand at least three words, such as “mama,” “dada,” “bottle,” or bye-bye?

At 18 Months:

Use lots of gestures with words to get needs met, like pointing or taking you by the hand and saying, “want juice” ?
Use at least four different consonants in babbling or words, such as m, n, p, b, t, and d?
Use and understand at least 10 words?
Show that he or she knows the names of familiar people or body parts by pointing to or looking at them when they are named?
Do simple pretend play, like feeding a doll or stuffed animal, and attracting your attention by looking up at you?

At 24 Months:

Do pretend play with you with more than one action, like feeding the doll and then putting the doll to sleep?
Use and understand at least 50 words?
Use at least two words together (without imitating or repeating) and in a way that makes sense, like “want juice” ?
Enjoy being next to children of the same age and show interest in playing with them, perhaps giving a toy to another child?
Look for familiar objects out of sight when asked?

At 36 Months:

Enjoy pretending to play different characters with you or talking for dolls or action figures?
Enjoy playing with children of the same age, perhaps showing and telling another child about a favorite toy?
Use thoughts and actions together in speech and in play in a way that makes sense, like “sleepy, go take nap” and “baby hungry, feed bottle” ?
Answer “what,” “where,” and “who” questions easily?
Talk about interests and feelings about the past and the future?


The key social, emotional, and communication milestones were compiled from the following sources: Greenspan, S.I. (1999) Building Healthy Minds, Perseus Books; Prizant, B. M., Wetherby, A. M., Roberts, J. E. (2000) Communication Disorders in Infants and Toddlers, In C. Zeanah (Ed.) Handbook of Infant Mental Health, Second Edition, New York: Guilford Press; and Wetherby, A.M. (1999) Babies Learn to Talk at an Amazing Rate, FIRST WORDS Project, Florida State University.

The authors wish to thank the following people who contributed to these milestones: Ilene Beal; Frances P. Glascoe, Ph.D.; Rebecca Landa, Ph.D.; and Robert H. Wharton, M.D.

发表于 2007-6-15 16:21:58 | 显示全部楼层

re:用google翻译一下,大慨可以看一下意...

用google翻译一下,大慨可以看一下意思

请问你的小孩……

At 4 Months:在4个月:

Follow and react to bright colors, movement, and objects?宝宝会不会去跟踪和反应那些明亮的颜色,运动,而物体?

Turn toward sounds?宝宝会不会去转向声音的来源地?

Show interest in watching people’s faces?宝宝会不会去表现出兴趣观看人的脸?

Smile back when you smile?宝宝会不会在你对他笑的时候,他也对你笑回来?


At 6 Months:在6个月:

Relate to you with real joy?宝宝会不会和你一起快乐?

Smile often while playing with you?宝宝会不会和你一起玩的时候常常微笑?

Coo or babble when happy?宝宝会不会在他开心的时候嘴里叽叽咕咕地学语?

Cry when unhappy?宝宝会不会在不开心时会哭?


At 9 Months:在9个月:

Smile and laugh while looking at you?宝宝会不会在看着你的时候,有微笑还会笑出声来?

Exchange back-and-forth smiles, loving faces, and other expressions with you?宝宝会不会和你笑来笑去,亲来亲去,或者其他的交流表情的办法?

Exchange back-and-forth sounds with you?宝宝会不会和你相互交流声音?

Exchange back-and-forth gestures with you, such as giving, taking, and reaching??
宝宝会不会和你相互交换手势,象是"给","拿","伸手"等?


At 12 Months:在12个月:

Use a few gestures, one after another, to get needs met, like giving, showing, reaching, waving, and pointing?宝宝会不会用几个手势或姿态来表示愿望需要满足,象是"给","显示","接近","挥手","指物"?

Play peek-a-boo, patty cake, or other social games?宝宝会不会去和别人玩躲迷藏,玩橡皮泥等社交性游戏?

Make sounds, like “ma,” “ba,” “na,” “da,” and “ga?”宝宝会不会发音,像"马","巴","那","达","嘎"?

Turn to the person speaking when his/her name is called?宝宝会不会在有人叫他名字时转过身去对准他?


At 15 Months:在15个月:

Exchange with you many back-and-forth smiles, sounds, and gestures in a row?宝宝会不会与你交换许多来回笑容,声音,手势?

Use pointing or other “showing” gestures to draw attention to something of interest?宝宝会不会去使用指向或其他"显示"的姿态,来唤起大家对某些事情感兴趣?

Use different sounds to get needs met and draw attention to something of interest?宝宝会不会用不同的声音来表达自己的愿望,来引起别人的兴趣?

Use and understand at least three words, such as “mama,” “dada,” “bottle,” or bye-bye?宝宝会不会使用和理解至少这3个字,如"妈妈","爸爸","瓶",还是再见?


At 18 Months:在18个月:

Use lots of gestures with words to get needs met, like pointing or taking you by the hand and saying, “want juice” ?使用大量的动作与言辞需要得到满足,喜欢指着或拉着你你的手说:"果汁"?

Use at least four different consonants in babbling or words, such as m, n, p, b, t, and d?至少使用4种不同的声母?

Use and understand at least 10 words?使用和理解至少10个字?

Show that he or she knows the names of familiar people or body parts by pointing to or looking at them when they are named?当被问到他熟悉的人名或是身体部位时,他能指出来或是眼睛看过去?

Do simple pretend play, like feeding a doll or stuffed animal, and attracting your attention by looking up at you?可以玩些简单的假想游戏,喜欢喂养一个洋娃娃或动物标本,还能向上看你来吸引你的注意?


At 24 Months:在24个月:

Do pretend play with you with more than one action, like feeding the doll and then putting the doll to sleep?可以玩有至少一个动作以上的假想游戏,比如给玩偶喂饭,,然后放娃娃睡觉?

Use and understand at least 50 words?能使用和理解至少50字?

Use at least two words together (without imitating or repeating) and in a way that makes sense, like “want juice” ?至少使用两个词连在一起(不是跟着大人摹仿或重复),而且还表达一点实际的意思,象"要果汁"?

Enjoy being next to children of the same age and show interest in playing with them, perhaps giving a toy to another child?会不会喜欢和同年龄的孩子们在一起,在游戏中对他们感兴趣,比如说会把玩具给另一个孩子?

Look for familiar objects out of sight when asked?会不会在自己熟悉的物体看不见时,别人问起来后,自己会去找?


At 36 Months:在36个月:

Enjoy pretending to play different characters with you or talking for dolls or action figures?会不会喜欢和你玩不同假想人物的游戏?会不会和玩偶说话?

Enjoy playing with children of the same age, perhaps showing and telling another child about a favorite toy?会不会和同龄儿童玩,对另一个孩子说他喜欢的玩具?

Use thoughts and actions together in speech and in play in a way that makes sense, like “sleepy, go take nap” and “baby hungry, feed bottle” ?能不能用语言把他的思想和行动统一起来,如他能说"困了,去睡觉","宝宝饿了,吃奶"?

Answer “what,” “where,” and “who” questions easily?他能不能轻松地回答回答"是什么","何处","谁"的问题吗?

Talk about interests and feelings about the past and the future?他能不能有过去和将来的概念呢?




The key social, emotional, and communication milestones were compiled from the following sources: Greenspan, S.I. (1999) Building Healthy Minds, Perseus Books; Prizant, B. M., Wetherby, A. M., Roberts, J. E. (2000) Communication Disorders in Infants and Toddlers, In C. Zeanah (Ed.) Handbook of Infant Mental Health, Second Edition, New York: Guilford Press; and Wetherby, A.M.关键的社会,情感和沟通的里程碑,是由以下来源:格林斯潘,省长(1999年)建设健康的头脑,perseus书籍;prizant,乙87-88wetherby,划艇,罗伯茨,理E(等2000)沟通障碍的婴幼儿,在Czeanah (编)手册幼儿心理健康,第二版,纽约:guilford新闻;和Wetherby时 (1999) Babies Learn to Talk at an Amazing Rate, FIRST WORDS Project, Florida State University.(1999)婴儿学习讲座,以惊人的速度,首字工程,佛罗里达州立大学.

The authors wish to thank the following people who contributed to these milestones: Ilene Beal; Frances P. Glascoe, Ph.D.; Rebecca Landa, Ph.D.; and Robert H. Wharton, M.D.作者在此要感谢以下的人,对这些里程碑:ilene比尔;弗朗西斯页glascoe,博士;丽蓓卡景观,博士;和同事RobertH沃顿,医学博士
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发表于 2007-10-17 23:38:40 | 显示全部楼层

re:辛苦了,不过看着挺麻烦的.

辛苦了,不过看着挺麻烦的.
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发表于 2007-10-18 09:14:57 | 显示全部楼层

re:看google的翻译能让人了解程序化的人...

看google的翻译能让人了解程序化的人的思维是什么样的,我们的孩子或许就是这样,需要我们把错误的理解、错误的顺序挨个纠正。
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 楼主| 发表于 2008-4-14 21:54:48 | 显示全部楼层

re:我把二楼的重新翻译了一遍.

我把二楼的重新翻译了一遍.
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发表于 2010-7-14 19:56:36 | 显示全部楼层

re: 大家好 我原来是一位自...


    大家好
我原来是一位自闭症的老师
现在卖自闭症的一些教具
希望能够帮到大家
http://shop61207766.taobao.com/
  qq317251273   
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